Philosophy for Children (p4c) is a wonderful way of bringing teachers and children together to discuss things that matter. C. Children really enjoy talking about what is important and meaningful to them, and philosophy is an opportunity for children to talk freely, without being directed by the teacher or the curriculum.
Philosophy has many benefits for children, it , where children have to make their own judgements. It helps spiritual and moral development, and speaking and listening skills. The Philosophy for Children teaching approach also had a positive influence on pupils’ confidence to speak, listening skills and self-esteem.
It can have a positive effect on behaviour, because children learn that you can still like someone even if you have different opinions. Philosophy helps children get to know each other in a different way, and often, the conversations carry on in the playground afterwards.
They then come up with a list of philosophical questions inspired by the stimulus – anything from, ‘Are friends more important than family?’ to, ‘Is it ever okay to steal?’ – and vote on which one to talk about. The class then has an ‘enquiry’ – an open dialogue – around that question.
An alternative model involves the facilitator setting up an imaginary scenario.
Although the teacher models philosophical language and reasoning skills, the . They are encouraged to develop a variety of questioning strategies to help them think philosophically.
Philosophy is taught in every class throughout the school and we aim for one lesson per week but this can increase where cross-curricular links make it possible. T